December 5, 2008
Dragiša Brašovan - Modern Architecture in Serbia
Dragiša Brašovan (1887-1965) is considered as the one who introduced Modern Architecture in the Balkans. He studied in Budapest and after working for 6 years in Budapest in 1920 he founded an architecture firm in Belgrade with Milan Sekulić (this lasted until 1225 after that he went on on its own). After 1945 he worked for state commissions.
Until 1929 he made projects in an eclectic style that was popular between the two World Wars. Around this time he made:
- Rabatt-Bank, ulica Nušićeva 4, Belgrade 1921-23
- Genčić-Villa, ulica Proleterskih brigada 55, Belgrade 1929
- Škarkin-Villa, ulica Deligradskoj 12, Belgrade 1927-29
After 1929 he started modern style architecture and joined the group " Arhitekata modernog pravca". However he was not a strictly functionalist architect (like most of the modern architects), in the modern language of his buildings there was always some place for decoration or expressionistic elements in his works.
One outstanding work of this time is the Zgrada Državne štamparije (today called BIGZ) projected and build between1934-1941, bulevar Vojvode Mišić 17 in Belgrade the former state printing company.
Some works that got im international recognition where the yugoslavian Pavillons for the World Trade Fairs and International Exhibitions. 1929 in Barcelona (for that he got the big Architectural prize) 1931 in Milano, 1932 in Thessaloniki, 1953 in Damascus and Izmir.
Two extraordinary edifices signed by this architect were the victims of NATO bombings in 1999.
Komanda Vazduhoplovstva (Yugoslavian Airforces Headquarter) in Zemun of 1939 (together with the sculpture of Icarus on the front - a masterpiece of Novi Sad's sculptor Karlo Baranji). The building was totally destroyed.(I wrote about it here)
Zgrada Dunavske banovine (today Izvršno veće Vojvodine, in english Building of Executive Council of Vojvodina Province (Banovina) of 1939 in Novi Sad that is listed in all world architectural cyclopedias, under the protection of UNESCO as an valuable art heritage, was bombed in the night of April 19, 1999. (I wrote about it here)
After 1945 he made a couple of bulidings in socio-realism style, where he combined modern style with ethnic and monumental elements.
The most famous is probably Hotel "Metropol" in Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra in Belgrade, a building from 1953.
The Hotel is currently undergoing extensive restauration and refurbishment, and is anticipated to be reopened in May 2009.
Zgrada Srpske banke (Bank Building), renovation ca.1920 in Zrenjanin
Crkva Vavedenja Bogorodice (Church), 1924-1927 in Orlovat
Sokolski dom, 1927 in Zrenjanin
Radnička komora (Work Chamber), 1931 in Novi Sad
Zgrada Muzeja Nikole Tesle (Nikola Tesla Museum Building) 1932, in Belgrade
Residence in Ulica Francuska 5 in Belgrade, build in the 30's
Residence in Bulevar Oslobođenja 2, in Belgrade, build in the 30's
Residence in Bulevar Despota Stefana 8 in Belgrade, build in the 30's
Residence Blocks for Fabrike Kablova Svetozarevo in Jagodina, build in the 50's Glavna pošta (Main Post Office) in Novi Sad, 1961
Brasovan died in 1965 in Belgrade. He was a pen pal member of Serbian Academy of Science and Arts and a member of British Royal Institute of Architecture. He left a print as one of the most famous Serbian architects of the century, distinguished connoisseur of the age of baroque and introduced modern style architecture to the Balkans.
Labels: Modern Serbian Architecture